In this article, Jenner & Block Associates Alison I. Stein and Jenna E. Ross examine Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt, a case set to be argued before the U.S. Supreme Court on March 2, 2016. This appeal, which addresses House Bill 2, a Texas law restricting access to abortion, is the first major reproductive rights case the Court has taken up in recent years. Ms. Stein and Ms. Ross are on a firm team that filed an amicus brief on behalf of women’s and health organizations in support of Petitioners in Whole Woman’s Health, seeking reversal of the Fifth Circuit decision that upheld House Bill 2. In the article, the authors reiterate the brief’s argument that, although House Bill 2 was purportedly passed to raise the standards of women’s health, Texas has largely failed to improve women’s health and health care access in other arenas. “This failure speaks volumes in terms of whether H.B. 2 was actually intended to improve women’s health or strew impediments to – and unconstitutionally encroach upon – the right to abortion access,” they write.